The Prophet’s Wives- Aisha Bint Abu Bakr

Leave a comment

February 12, 2013 by theislampost

She was a teacher of men, bint as-Siddiq, the Prophet’s caliph, Abu Bakr ‘Abdullah Ib Abu Quhafah, Uthmen Ibn ‘Amir of the Quraish, Makkan, Mother of the Faithful, and the wife of the noble Prophet (pbuh). She was the closest wife to the Prophet and the daughter of the closest man to him.(2)Her innocence was revealed from the top of the seven heavens.

She showed the world how the woman could be more knowledgeable than men, politician or warrior fourteen centuries ago. She was not a university graduate and did not study at the hands of orientalists or westernists.

Rather she apprenticed and graduated in the prophetic school, the school of faith and knights. From the tender years of her age the shiekh and the most pious of Muslims, her father Abu Bakr as-Sidiq
brought her up. Then the Prophet (pbuh) the best and the most honorable creature look after her when she was a youth. Therefore, she aquired a great deal of knowledge that was transmitted over
the centuries.

What she left of literature or legal opinions is now studied in many universities all over the world. Further her complete works could be points of study for any one who is interested in the Arab and
Muslim history.

The Prophet (pbuh) married her according to Allah‘s command.(3) He (pbuh) betrothed her and :Sawda at the same time but he married the latter who stayed with him for three years until he got married to , Aisha in Shawwal after the battle of Badr. The young bride, then, moved to the new house of the Prophet, which consisted of a room beside the mosque and was built of clay and palmtrees. The room was furnished with a mattress of palm-leaves beneath which there was nothing but
——————————————————————–

(2) Amr Ibn al-As related that he asked the Prophet (pbuh), “Who do you love most, O messenger of Allah?” He replied, “’Aisha. “Who is from among men?” Amr asked. He said “Her father.” (Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

(3) Aishah related that the Prophet (pbuh) said to me. “You were Shown to me in a dream. An angel brought you to me, wrapped in a piece of silken “cloth and said to me, “This is your wife.” I removed the piece of cloth from your face, and there you were. I said to myself, “If it is from Allah, then it will surely be,” [Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim]

———————————————————————

a mat. As for the door it was just a curtain of hair. In such a modest room ’Aisha started her marital life which became the speech of the world.

As a wife of the Prophet (pbuh), ‘Aisha adopted a great position. She became a model for all women anywhere and in any time she was an ideal wife. She relieved the Prophet’s grief when suffering the hardships of life and the da’ wah.

She endured poverty and hunger with the Prophet (pbuh). It is related that they spent two or three months without cooking. All what they feed on were just dates and water.

Once, when Muslims became luxurious, she was given one hundred thousand dirhams as a gift while she was fasting voluntarily. But she, at once, spent it in the cause of Allah. She was so poor that she had nothing to break her fast on. Thus, her maid asked her, “Would not you reserve a dirham in order to buy meat for breakfast?” She answered, had you reminded me, I would have
done. She was a patient poor, and a modest wealthy woman. She did not adhere to this worldly life. Therefore, she thought that poverty and wealth were alike.

She was an ideal wife who was interested in learning from the Prophet (pbuh). Therefore, she became so knowledgeable that she was able to teach men and was a source of authorization and
documentation in hadith transmission, and sacred law.

Az-Aubairi said, “If we compared’ Aisha’s knowledge to all women, ‘Aisha’s would surpass them. Hisham Ibn Urwa said, I have never seen any one who could have knowledge of an ayah (a Qur’anic verse), an obligatory act, a Sunna act, poetry, history, lineage, judgement, or medicine better than ‘Aisha. I asked her, “What about medicine? How did you learn it, aunt?” She answered, “When I was sick, the Prophet prescribe (treatment) for me as did he when the people became. ill. I also heard the people prescribing treatment to each other. Thereby I memorized such prescriptions.

Once, Masruq was asked, “Did’ Aisha perfect the obligatory acts.” He answered, “By Allah, I have seen the great prophetic companions asking her about the obligatory acts.”

Yet, she (may Allah be pleased with her) was jealous. She was the most jealous wife of the Prophet (pbuh). This can be the nature of the woman; to be jealous of other wives. But such jealousy had
ever never led her to hurt any other wife.

Let us now turn to the most critical incident in ‘Aisha’s life: the incident of ifk (the lie). On the return from the expedition of Banu Mustaliq there occurred what would hurt ‘Aisha and in turn the
Prophet’s honour. When the march was ordered, ‘Aisha was not in her tent, having gone to search for a valuable necklace she had dropped. As her litter was veiled, it was not noticed that she was not in it, until the army reached the next holt. Meanwhile finding the camp had gone. She sat down to rest, hoping that someone would come back to fetch her when her absence was noticed. It was
night, and she fell a sleep. Next morning she was found by Safwan, a Muhajir. Who had been left behind the camp expressly to pick up anything inadvertently left behind. He put her on his camel and brought her, leading the camel on foot. This presented an occasion to the Prophet’s enemies to raise a malicious scandal. The ringleader among them was the chief of Madina Hypocrites, Abullah Ibn Ubai.

’Aisha was in extrem pain and anguish for an entire month because of the slander that was spread about her. Her husband, the Prophet (pbuh) and her father were also placed in a most awkward predicament, considering their position and the great work in which they were engaged.

Eventually, Allah revealed some Qur’anic verses to free’ Aisha from such accusation. ‘Aisha was an ideal woman in suffering and afflictions. Therefore, she was a model for all women in both
prosperity and adversity.

During the Prophet’s illness, after returning from the farewell pilgrimage he felt that he was about to die. It is narrated that when the prophet was being carried to spend his nights with his wives in
turns, he would ask, where should I go tomorrow’? Where should I go tomorrow? (hoping to be ‘Ashah’ s turn). Then, the mothers of the faithful offered, pleasantly, their turns to ‘Aisha (may Allah
be pleased with them all) to be treated where he liked. They said, O Messenger of Allah, we gave our turns to ‘Aisha.

The Prophet (pbuh), then moved to ‘Aisha’s home who took care of him day and night. She would like to sacrifice herself for him as saying “I sacrifice you with my father and mother, O Messenger
of Allah.” At the last moment of the Prophet’s life, his head was placed on ‘Aisha’ s knees.

She said, “The Prophet (pbuh) died in the night of my usual turn at my house. Allah took him unto Him while his head was between my chest and my neck and his saliva was mixed with my saliva.” At this moment, ‘Abudur-Rahan Ibn Abi Bakr entered holding a soft siwak (tooth stick). The prophet looked at the siwak. I thought that he wished to brush his teeth with it. I took the siwak, chewed and then perfumed it. Then I gave it to the prophet who in turn brushed his teeth very well. As he retumed it back, his hand fell down. I began to supplicate Allah with a du’a often said by Jibreel and also by the prophet during his illness. However, the Prophet did not supplicate Allah with this du’a in this time. He then looked skyward and said (ar-Rafeeq al-‘ Ala) the heavens. Then he died. Praise be to Allah who mixed my saliva with his at the last moment of the Prophet’ s life.

The Prophet (pbuh) was buried where he died, in her home. She lived after him teaching men and women, and formulating the history of Islam until her death. She died on Tuesday night 17th of Ramadan, 57 AH she was sixty-six by then. May Allah have mercy and be pleased with her.
______________________________________________________

References
AI-Qur’an AI-Karim

Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani. Fath al-Bari bi Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari, Matba’at al-Bab al-Halabi, Egypt,1959.


Ali A. Yusuf. The Holy Qur’an. Trans. Hafner Publishing CO., New York, 1946.

‘Ilwan Abdullah Nasih. Polygamy in Islam and the Rationale of the Prophet’s Marriage to More than One Wife, Matba’at Dar al-salam, Cairo

Al-Siba’ I Mustafa. The Woman Between th Muslim Man-made laws, Maktab al-Islam
Bint ash-Shati’, ‘Aisha. The Prophet’s Wives.
Al-Istanbulli M. Mahdi and Mustafa Shilbi, Women Around the Messenger. Dar Ibn Kathir, Bairut.

Al-Qaradawi Yusuf. Believing Women, Dar. Wahba. Cairo.

Sherif Abde-Azeem. Women in Islam versus Women in the Jaudeo-Christian Tradition, El- Falah,
Cairo.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Browse By Topic